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Abbreviations explained, L- Z

LC    left cross (to work a cable). As in: cross 2 L

LH    left hand

lp(s)    loop(s)

LT    left twist (where two stitches cross each other, as in the smallest cable stitch possible)


M1    Make 1. This means to increase a stitch. If the method isn't specified, use whichever increase you like, for instance M1F

M1A    make 1 away. An Increase English or Continental

M1L aka M1, M1F   make 1 (front)(left). An increase. From the front, lift loop between stitches with left needle, knit into back of loop English or Continental

M1R aka M1B    make 1 (back) (right). An increase. From the back, lift loop between stitches with left needle, knit into front of loop

M1T    make 1 towards. An Increase

MB    make bobble

mc    main color

mm    millimeters(s)

no    number

oz    ounce(s)

p    purl English or Continental

p tbl aka P1 tbl, P1b    purl through the back loop

p-b    purl stitch in the row below. (infrequently used to mean purl stitch in the back loop; see p tbl)

p-wise    purl wise: Insert right needle down into the front loop, or up into the back loop for tbl

p1 f&b aka pfb    purl the front of a stitch, then purl the back of the same stitch

p2tog    purl 2 together

p2tog tbl    purl 2 together through the back loops

pat(s) aka patt(s)    pattern(s)

pm    place marker

pnso    pass next stitch over

pop    popcorn stitch 

prev    previous

psso    pass the slipped stitch over (as in slip 1, knit 1, psso)

pu    pick up stitches

RC    right cross (to work a cable), as in: cross 2 R

rem    remaining

rep    repeat(s)

rev StSt    Reverse stockinette/stocking stitch. The "purl" side of plain, stocking stitch. Purled on RS, knitted on WS

RH    right hand

rib     ribbing: vertical columns of knit and purl stitches, side by side, as in K1, P1 ribbing

rnd(s)    round(s). In circular knitting, a "row" is called a "round."

RS    right side, for instance the outside of a sweater. Stated to indicate which side is facing you when carrying out instructions

RT    right twist (where two stitches cross each other, as in the smallest cable stitch possible)

sc    single crochet

sk    skip

sk2p    slip1, knit 2 tog, pass slipped stitch over. (a double decrease)

SKP aka skpo    "Slip, Knit, Pass." Slip a stitch, knit the next stitch, pass the slipped stitch over the knit one. The same as: sl1, k1, psso

sl aka       slip a stitch. If they don't specify, slip the stitch purl-wise....Unless you are decreasing: then, slip it knit-wise on the knit rows, and purl-wise on the purl rows

sl st    slip stitch(es)

sl1, k1, psso    slip1, knit1, pass the slipped stitch over. The same as SKP

sl1p aka sl 1 p-wise    slip a stitch purl-wise

slip knot    an adjustable loop, used to begin many cast-on methods

sp(s)    space(s)

ss    slip stitch (Canadian)

ssk    slip, slip, knit slipped stitches tog. A decrease

ssk (improved)    sl 1, sl 1 p-wise, knit slipped sts tog

ssp    slip, slip, purl. A decrease, usually done on the purl-side

sssk    slip, slip, slip, knit 3 slipped stitches together. A double decrease

st (s)    stitch(es)

St st    Stockinette/Stocking stitch

tbl    through the back loop

tog    together

won    wool over needle

wrn    wool round needle

WS    wrong side, for instance the inside of the sweater. Stated to indicate which side is facing you when carrying out instructions

wyib    with yarn in back

wyif    with yarn in front

yb aka ybk    yarn to the back

yd(s)    yard(s)

yfon    yarn forward and over needle. Same as yo

yfrn    yarn forward and 'round needle. Same as yo

yfwd aka yf    yarn forward

yo    yarn over: wrap the yarn around right needle

yo2 aka yo twice    yarn over twice

yon    yarn over needle. Same as yo

yrn    yarn 'round needle. Same as yo

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  • Avatar
    Lorraine Lacey

    What is selvage stitch?

  • Avatar
    Beverly Hagen

    This did not help. I know what a yo twice means, but the knit round following is a bit rough. The sequence it k2tog. Yo yo sl1 p1 Passover. The next round is all knit. Any hints to make it look great?

  • Avatar

    Hi Lorraine, the selvage stitches serve as the seam allowance and are used to sew the seam neatly by matching row end to row end. In some patterns you may be instructed to slip this stitch at the beginning of the row or to always knit the first and last stitch.

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    Hi Beverly, I think you are being instructed to make eyelets in your fabric. I had e a little go on both a stocking stitch and garter stitch fabric and both did look quite neat. Are you knitting into the back of the second stitch on the double YO ? This will help keep the holes nice and round. I'll be in touch shortly.

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